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  • The Geography of Liverpool

    Located in the north west of the country many people believe that the city suffers from some of the worse weather conditions in the country. While it does receive a high amount of rainfall during the year, it benefits being on the western side of the country as the Atlantic warms the city in the winter.

    The Mersey Gateway crossing the Mersey Estuary

    The position of Liverpool in a large bay does give a certain amount of protection from the wildest storms. However just like any other place on the western side of the country rainfall at times can be heavy and at no time can a day of sunshine be guaranteed. However, for its latitude the region has unusually warm temperatures. The Mersey estuary was famed in the 1960s with the Liverpool band Gerry and the Pacemakers having a hit single with “Ferry cross the Mersey”. The River Mersey runs for a total of 70 miles from where it starts at the confluence of the Rivers Tame and Goyt in Stockport, to where it finishes entering the Irish Sea.

    Its estuary is 3 miles wide at its widest point. The estuary separates Liverpool from the Wirral and there are several rails and road tunnels that pass below it is connecting the two regions. In October 2017 saw the opening of the Mersey Gateway a road bridge that runs for roughly 1.4 miles across the water. During the industrial revolution the Mersey River was one of the most polluted waterways in the country but now it is a very clean river.

    Liverpool looks out to the Irish Sea through Liverpool bay.  As well as the River Mersey emptying in to the bay, so to do the Alt, Clwyd, Dee and Ribble Rivers. The deposition from these rivers of vast amounts of sediment has resulted in uneven depths of water, leading to numerous ships being run aground in the bay.

    The Wirral Peninsular

    The bay is part of the Irish Sea which separates Ireland from the rest of the United Kingdom. This is a relatively new body of water as 8000 years ago the area was just one large land mass. Rising sea levels and tsunamis at the end of the last glaciation period saw the sea flood the lowlands creating the Irish Sea. The effect of the last glaciated period is also seen with the sandstone ridge that Liverpool stands on. This whole area is rock and rubble that the last glaciers left behind at the end of the last ice age. This gives the inhabitants of the city natural protection against flood events.

    Many of the successful people of Liverpool live on the Wirral peninsular. This has been formed as the boundary between the Mersey River and the Dee River as they flow in the Irish Sea. The Watershed separating the two rivers is marked by sandstone ridges running parallel along the center of the peninsular.

    It is around 15 miles long and 7 miles wide, making it rectangular shaped. It is a popular place to live as it is away from the industrial activity of Liverpool and acts as a gateway into North Wales.

    The geography of Liverpool is not spectacular but is vitally important in how the city emerged and grew during the industrial revolution. As well it being a vital sea port its numerous rivers resulted in canals being built that served other settlements in the north-west and the midlands.